Purpose of the study
This study has two sets of goals. The first is to clarify the relationships between the use of the environment, economic activities, and the people by revising the view of the pastoralists of Central Asia from the perspective of a pastoral community. The concept of a pastoral community in which various ethnic groups coexist in ongoing mutual conflict can be developed into a common consciousness when studying the Central Asian region. Its purpose is to suggest solutions to the problem of economic gaps between the countries of Central Asia, a problem which has been worsened by China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative, and to environmental problems such as desertification and snow damage accompanying climate change, a unique quality within the framework of a realistic range.
The ultimate goal of this study is to clarify the process of human-animal relationships in human history. In Central Asia, where the domestication of large animals historically originated, a new relationship between people and animals has appeared and evolved in modern times. By tracing the course of this “domestication,” I will clarify the relationship of people and animals in the primary horizon. In recent years, many studies have been performed that consider domestication as a process of interaction between humans and animals. This study clarifies domestication not only by using ecological and livestock-rearing technologies but also by adding genetic change and archaeological and historical materials as objects of analysis.